The State and Local Drag on the Recovery
President Obama pointed out this morning that job losses among state and local governments are slowing the recovery. The graph shows what he’s talking about: states and localities have shed 662,000 jobs since employment in this area peaked in August 2008.
A couple of other points are worth noting:
- When measured as a share of the population, the number of state and local government jobs has fallen in 37 of the last 40 months.
- The number of state and local jobs outside of education (in other words, law enforcement, parks, transportation, and so on) is the lowest it’s been since June 1985, as a share of the population.
The large-scale job losses we’ve experienced slow the economy by weakening consumer demand, since people who lose their jobs must scale back their spending dramatically.
And, due to the services that states and localities provide — education, public safety, health care, and the like — these job losses also can have a real impact on residents’ quality of life.